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Southafrik sex

A few have documented important effects, finding that women with greater sexual relationship power are more likely to ensure their partner’s use of condoms or to consistently ensure their partner’s use of condoms ().

Participants completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire that covered sociodemographic factors, HIV risk behavior, and sexual power.

Gender power inequities play a key role in the HIV epidemic through their effects on sexual relationships ().

Inconsistent condom use was, in turn, significantly associated with HIV infection (adjusted odds ratio 1.58, 95% CI 1.10–2.27). While women’s greater biological susceptibility to HIV helps explain this difference, a host of sociocultural and economic factors rooted in gender power inequities exacerbate women’s vulnerability to infection.

Reliability analysis confirmed moderate internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha 0.69).